Download E-books Allocating Taxing Powers within the European Union PDF

By F. Alfredo García Prats (auth.), Isabelle Richelle, Wolfgang Schön, Edoardo Traversa (eds.)

The contributions to this quantity attempt to conquer the conventional method of the judicature of the eu courtroom of Justice concerning the software of the basic freedoms in direct taxation that's principally equipped on a non-discrimination try out. during this quantity, remarkable authors disguise a number of points of the nationwide and overseas tax order whilst ecu legislations meets family taxation. This contains checking out conventional pillars of source of revenue taxation – ability-to-pay, resource and place of abode, abuse of legislations, arm’s size average – with admire to their position within the rising eu tax order in addition to giant issues of co-existence among assorted tax platforms that aren't coated through the non-discrimination strategy comparable to mutual reputation, cross-border loss repayment or avoidance of double taxation.

The overarching aim is to flesh out the level to which a substantial “allocation of taxing powers” in the eu Union is on its strategy to a resounding total framework and to stretch the dialogue “beyond discrimination”.

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Download E-books Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimisation: 14th European Conference, EvoCOP 2014, Granada, Spain, April 23-25, 2014, Revised Selected Papers PDF

By Christian Blum, Gabriela Ochoa (eds.)

This ebook constitutes the refereed court cases of the 14th eu convention on Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization, Evo COP 2014, held in Granada, Spain, in April 2014, co-located with the Evo*2014 occasions Euro GP, Evo BIO, Evo MUSART and Evo Applications.

The 20 revised complete papers provided have been rigorously reviewed and chosen from forty two submissions. The papers conceal the next issues: swarm intelligence algorithms, health landscapes and adaptive algorithms, actual global and routing difficulties and cooperative and metaheuristic search.

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Download E-books Dezentralisation und Koordination von Entscheidungen in der Holding (ebs-Forschung, Schriftenreihe der EUROPEAN BUSINESS SCHOOL Schloß Reichartshausen) (German Edition) PDF

Alexander Bassen befaßt sich mit zwei grundlegenden Problemen der Holdingorganisation: der Dezentralisation von Funktionen auf Tochtergesellschaften und der Abstimmung dieser Funktionen mit den Zielen der Konzernmuttergesellschaft.

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Download E-books Safety Aspects of Technical Standards / Sicherheitsaspekte technischer Standards: A European Comparison by the Example of Pressure Systems / Ein europäischer Vergleich am Beispiel druckführender Behältnisse PDF

By G. C. Pilkington (auth.), Prof. Dr. Karl Heinz Lindackers (eds.)

Das Buch behandelt das Thema "Sicherheitsziele und Schutzaspekte als Grundlage f}r Technische criteria in Europa - dargestellt am Beispiel druckf}hrender Umschlie~ungen". Es umfa~t die Ergebnisse einer internationalen Tagung der Gottlieb Daimler- und Karl Benz-Stiftung am 2. Mai 1990 in Ladenburg, an der Fachleute aus vier L{ndern der Europ{ischen Gemeinschaft und einem EFTA-Mitgliedsland teilgenommen haben. Hintergrund der durch das Kolleg "Sicherheit von Technik" veranla~ten Veranstaltung waren die derzeitigen Bestrebungen der Europ{ischen Kommission, die gesetzlichen Regelungen und daraus abgeleitete technische Normen zum Schutz vor nachteiligen Wirkungen technischer Einrichtungen mit Blick auf den gemeinsamen Markt ab 1993 zu vereinheitlichen. Angesichts der oft durch unklare Zielvorgaben bedingten kontroversen Arbeit in den Normungsgremien CEN und CENELEC, insbesondere auch f}r den Bereich der Druckbeh{ltertechnik, sollte gekl{rt werden, ob und wann, worin und wie stark sich nationale Zielsetzungen unterscheiden.

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Download E-books Transforming the Republic of Letters: Pierre-Daniel Huet and European Intellectual Life, 1650-1720 (Changing Perspectives on Early Modern Europe) by April G. Shelford (2007-09-03) PDF

By April G. Shelford

Early sleek Europe's such a lot wide commonwealth -- the Republic of Letters -- couldn't be came across on any map. This republic had patriotic voters, yet no military; it had its personal language, yet no frontiers. From its beginning through the Renaissance, the Republic of Letters lengthy remained a small and close-knit elite group, associated through foreign networks of correspondence, sharing an erudite neo-Latin tradition. within the overdue 17th century, despite the fact that, it faced primary demanding situations that inspired its transition to the extra public, inclusive, and vernacular discourse of the Enlightenment. Transforming the Republic of Letters is a cultural and highbrow heritage that chronicles this transition to ''modernity'' from the point of view of the the world over well known pupil Pierre-Daniel Huet (1630-1721). below Shelford's path, Huet publications us into the intensely social highbrow international of salons, medical academies, and literary academies, whereas his articulate reviews illumine a combative international of Cartesians as opposed to anti-Cartesians, ancients as opposed to moderns, Jesuits as opposed to Jansenists, and salonnières as opposed to humanist students. Transforming the Republic of Letters increases questions of severe value in Huet's period, and our personal, approximately defining, sharing, and controlling entry to wisdom.

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Download E-books Tomorrow through the Past: Neal Stephenson and the Project of Global Modernization PDF

By Jon Lewis

Day after today in the course of the earlier: Neal Stephenson and the undertaking of world Modernization is the 1st number of scholarly essays devoted solely to this significant voice in modern American fiction. the gathering grew from 5 essays initially offered on the 2006 XXth Century Literature convention on the college of Louisville, and the participants are made from graduate scholars, self sustaining students, and college professors who wish the gathering will relief common readers in addition to teachers educating Stephenson and pros construction the severe reaction to his paintings. analyzing during the lenses of background and linguistic, cultural, and technological know-how fiction reviews, the essays within the assortment research every one of Stephensonâs novels from the large U to The Baroque Cycle in addition to his lengthy non-fiction paintings on machine working platforms, at the start ⦠used to be the Command Line. integrated during this assortment is a brand new interview carried out with Stephenson through the summer time of 2006.

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Download E-books Risk Regulation in Non-Animal Food Imports: The European Union Approach (SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science) PDF

This short goals at delivering a basic realizing of the explanation – clinical in addition to political – in the back of ecu coverage and comparable probability administration judgements within the sector on non-animal foodstuff imports. Lately, various menaces associated with imported meals and feed of non-animal foundation seemed within the media: imported sprout seeds infected with E. coli, strawberries containing hepatitis A or noro viruses, to call yet a couple of, at the moment are as a lot mentioned because the various recognized meat scandals. The authors clarify the bolstered legitimate controls at ecu borders on yes imports of non-animal foundation and the wide variety of ecu measures that presently foresee alternate regulations for imports proposing chemical and non-chemical ‘high hazards’ from a public healthiness standpoint (so-called ‘emergency measures’). The short heavily examines chemical (and additionally non-chemical) hazards linked to imports of non-animal starting place and their influence on human well-being. The authors additionally think of the function possibility research is playing to underpin risk-management judgements at ecu point, together with the scientific output via the ecu meals safeguard Authority (EFSA).

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Download E-books Towards A European Forest Information System: European Forest Institute Research Reports PDF

By Andreas Schuck

Over the last twenty years a number of eu woodland details initiatives have had the imaginative and prescient to construct a allotted Europe wooded area info community, during which current info might be pointed out and made on hand to a group of clients. this kind of tasks was once the community for a ecu woodland info provider (NEFIS). It ran from 2003 to 2005. the result of NEFIS are the topic of this document. The undertaking explored an total details process structure in response to current facts reporting buildings at nationwide, ecu and foreign degrees. improvement of a metadata schema to permit discovery of assets used to be a moment vital step. a sophisticated demonstration model of a eu woodland info method was once constructed. It involves 3 major parts: (1) source discovery catalogue in line with the NEFIS metadata schema; (2) a visualization toolkit bearing in mind exploratory facts research; and (3) a distant seek demonstrator proposing an instance of ways disbursed info units could be pointed out, compiled and analysed. the instance of the distant seek used wooded area stock info from six eu nations. The file incorporates a set of concerns for the advance of an operational wooded area info method. additional information at the venture outputs are available at www.efi.int (search for nefis).

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Download E-books Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2008, Antwerp, Belgium, September 15-19, 2008, Proceedings, Part II PDF

By Dennis Leman, Ad Feelders, Arno Knobbe (auth.), Walter Daelemans, Bart Goethals, Katharina Morik (eds.)

This ebook constitutes the refereed court cases of the joint convention on desktop studying and information Discovery in Databases: ECML PKDD 2008, held in Antwerp, Belgium, in September 2008.

The a hundred papers offered in volumes, including five invited talks, have been conscientiously reviewed and chosen from 521 submissions. as well as the usual papers the quantity comprises 14 abstracts of papers showing in complete model within the computer studying magazine and the data Discovery and Databases magazine of Springer.

The convention intends to supply a world discussion board for the dialogue of the most recent top of the range examine leads to all parts with regards to desktop studying and information discovery in databases. the themes addressed are software of desktop studying and information mining easy methods to real-world difficulties, fairly exploratory examine that describes novel studying and mining initiatives and purposes requiring non-standard recommendations.

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